Turkmen (Türkmen dili / Түркмен дили)

Turkmen is a Turkic language spoken by about 6.7 million people mainly in Turkmenistan and also in a number of other countries. In 2015 there were about 3.8 million speakers of Turkmen in Turkmenistan, where it is the national language.

There were 1.5 million Turkmen speakers in Afghanistan in 2009, 719,000 in Iran in 2016, 400,000 in Iraq in 2014, 117,000 in Syria in 2016, and 30,800 in the Astrakhan province of the Russian Federation in 2010. There are also speakers of Turkmen in Turkey, and a number of other countries.

Turkmen started to appear in writing at the beginning of the 20th century, when it was written with the Arabic script. Between 1928 and 1940 it was written with the Latin alphabet, and from 1940 it was written with the Cyrillic alphabet. Since Turkmenistan declared independence in 1991, Turkmen has been written with a version of the Latin alphabet based on Turkish.

Arabic alphabet for Turkmen

Arabic alphabet for Turkmen

Cyrillic alphabet for Turkmen (түркмен элипбийи)

Cyrillic alphabet for Turkmen

Latin alphabet for Turkmen (Türkmen elipbiýi)

Latin alphabet for Turkmen

Download alphabet charts for Turkmen (Excel)

Hear the Turkmen alphabet:

Source: http://www.altynasyr.8m.com/portal/alphabet.htm

Sample text in Turkmen

Хемме адамлар өз мертебеси ве хукуклары бюнча дең ягдайда дүнйә инйәрлер. Олара аң хем выждан берлендир ве олар бир-бирлери билен доганлык рухундакы гарайышда болмалыдырлар.


Hemme adamlar öz mertebesi we hukuklary boýunça deň ýagdaýda dünýä inyärler. Olara aň hem wyždan berlendir we olar bir-birleri bilen doganlyk ruhundaky garaýyşda bolmalydyrlar.

Hear a recording of this text by Nazar Annagurban


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Turkmen

Information about Turkmen | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel | Learning materials


Information about the Turkmen language

Learn Turkic languages - Turkish, Turkmen and Uzbek

Turkmen phrases

Online Turkmen dictionaries

Turkmen grammar

Turkmen Cyrillic-Latin converter

Online Turkmen radio

Turkic languages

Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Khakas, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Salar, Shor, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Yakut

Other languages written with the: Cyrillic, and Latin alphabets

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