Negidal is a Northern Tungusic language spoken in mainly in the along the Amur River in Khabarovskij Kraj in the Russian Far East. In 2010 there were 74 speakers of Negidal, according to the Russian census. According to some researchers, however, there may be fewer than 10 speakers of Negidal.
Negidal is related closely to Evenki and Even, and is sometimes referred as a dialect of Evenki. The language is also known as El'kan Beye, Elkembey, Ilkan Beye, Neghidal or Negidaly.
There were two dialects of Negidal: Upper Negidal and Lower Negidal. The lower dialect is no longer spoken.
A way of writing Negidal with the Cyrillic alphabet was devised by M. M. Khasanova (М. М. Хасановой) in 1992, and approved by the authorities in the Khabarovskij Kraj in 1993. However it was rarely used. In 2010 a Negidal textbook for primary schools was published. In 2016 the alphabet was revised with the removal of the letter Ө ө and the introduction of Њ њ.
ё, ж, з, ф, ц, ш, щ, ъ, ы, ь and я are only used in Russian loanwords and names.
Details of the Negidal alphabet provided by Michael Peter Füstumum
Information about Negidal
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Page last modified: 23.04.21
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