Krymchak is a Turkic language spoken by about 100 Jews of Turkish origin on the Crimean Peninsula in Ukraine. Krymchak belongs to the Kypchak group of Turkic languages and developed from Crimean Tatar and is sometimes referred to as Judeo-Crimean Tatar. It contains numerous loan-words from Hebrew loan-words.
Krymchak was written with the Hebrew alphabet before the Soviet era, then in the 1920s and 1930s it was written with a version of the Latin alphabet known as the Common Turkic Alphabet. Since then it has been written with the Cyrillic alphabet.
Information about Krymchak pronunciation compiled by Wolfram Siegel
Hear how to pronounce the Krymchak alphabet
Булут къап-къара, сэн нэге давранайсынъ?
Нэге ачылгъан кӧклерде долашайсынъ?
Нэге къарартайсынъ ярых кӱнлерны?
Нэге йыгълатайсынъ частлы аваны?..
Bulut qap-qara, sän näge davranaysıñ?
Näge açılğan kӧklerde dolaşaysıñ?
Näge qarartaysıñ yarıh künlernı?
Näge yığlataysıñ çastlı avanı?..
The last one of clouds of scattered a tempest,
Just single you're flying in azure, the prettiest,
Just single you're bringing the sorrowful shade,
Just single you're saddening day that is glad.
Krymchak translation by B. Baginski-Gurdzhi of "The Cloud" by Pushkin.
Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Ili Turki, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Romanian Tatar, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut (Sakha)
Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Akkala Sámi, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Kili, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)
Page last modified: 21.01.22
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