Hinukh (гьинузас мец)

Hinukh is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken mainly in Genukh (ГЬино), a village in the centre of Tsuntinsky District (Цунтинский район) of Dagestan in the southwest of Russia. According to the 2002 census, there are about 548 speakers of Hinukh.

Hinukh is also known as Hinuq, Hinux, Ginukh or Ginux. It is closely related to Tsez, and used to be thought of as a dialect of Tsez, though the two languages are not mutually intelligible.

Hinukh people generally write in Avar or Russian and there is no standard written form of Hinukh. Until the 1920s, Hinukh was sometimes written with a version of the Arabic alphabet, and since the 1930s, a version of the Cyrillic alphabet has been used. Hinukh was first documented by the Russian ethnographer A. K. Serzhputovsky (А. К. Сержпутовским) in 1916.

Hinukh alphabet and pronunciation

Hinukh alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Hinukh (Excel)

Sample text

Гьес зекъвен гIолохъанав кед. Йегвей кед гьав йикьин баралидо кунта юхаяз. Гьайлъуй бухно кIетIу, ийо герда̄н кIетIу бухокьо. Идур кекирно гом гьав кIетIу. Гьайлъу кедий махъо гьайлъу кIетIез мужи бӯгьо.

Transliteration

Hes zoqʼwen ʕoloqanaw ked. Yegwey ked haw yitłʼin bazarido kunta yuxayaz. Hayłuy buxno kʼetʼu, iyo gerdān kʼetʼu buxotłʼo. Idur kekirno gom haw kʼetʼu. Hayłu kedi maqo hayłu kʼetʼez muži būho.

Translation

Once there was one young girl. The little girl went to the market in order to buy a dress. She bought a cat. The mother scolded her because she had bought a cat. The mother did not allow the cat to enter the house. The girl makes a bed for the cat outside.

Source: A sketch grammar of Hinuq by Diana Forker

Information about Hinukh prounciation compiled by Wolfram Siegel. Sample text provided by Michael Peter Füstumum

Sample video in Hinukh

Information about Hinukh | Numbers in Hinukh

Links

Information about the Hinukh language and people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hinukh_language
https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hinukh
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/gin http://www.eki.ee/books/redbook/hinukhs.shtml
http://german.ruvr.ru/radio_broadcast/17350884/36984196.html

Northeast Caucasian languages

Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Batsbi, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Kaitag, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi

Languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Akkala Sámi, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Kili, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Lithuanian, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 05.01.24

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