Enets is a Samoyedic language spoken along the Yenisei River in Krasnoyarsk Krai in Siberia in the Russian Republic. The two dialects of Enets - Forest Enets (madu) and Tundra Enets (bai) - with considerable lexical differences between them. There are also a few speakers of Karastin Enets, which is a mixture of forest and tundra dialects. There are about 70 speakers of Enets altogether: about 10 of the tundra dialect and 60 of the forest dialect, and most of them are middle-aged or elderly. They all speak Russian as a second language, and some also speak the languages of neighbouring tribes, such as Nenets, Evenki or Nganasan.
Enets is closely related to Nganasan and Nenets, was once considered a dialect of Nenets until the mid-20th Century. Enets contains many loanwords from Nenets, and also from Dolgan, Evenki and Russian, and there is significant code-switching and mixing between Enets and Russian among Enets speakers.
A way of writing Enets with the Cyrillic alphabet was devised during the 1980s and has been used to produce a number of books. During the 1990s there was an Enets supplement was published in the newspaper Советский Таймыр (Soviet Taimyr), and brief Enets broadcasts on local radio.
Information about Enets pronunciation compiled by Wolfram Siegel
Бака дез тощную — дяй” мôди ага,
Бака дез тэйную — дяй” мôгасай.
Сэйхун уу” нер модыт чики мôди дяй”,
чукчи мôди дяй”, чукчи мôди дяй”.
Тосын тэза” дири”, энчуу” сойзаан дири”,
тосын тэза” дюба, ӈаза каясай. Энчуу” сойзаан кинуо” мôди дяханынь”,
кадяда” кадяшь кани” Детчуу дёха ны”
Down to Priluki - my wide land,
down to Priluki - my land, overgrown with forest.
Can't see this land of mine
all my land, all my land.
They live well there, people live well,
It's warm there now, the sun is in the sky.
People sing well in my land,
hunters went hunting along the Yenisei
Information about the Enets language and people
Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Akkala Sámi, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)
Page last modified: 19.07.22
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