Siberian Tatar is a member of the Kipchak-Nogay branch of the Turkic language family. It is spoken in the Western Siberia region of Russia, particularly in the provinces of Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk and Tyumen. In 2012 there were about 101,000 speakers of Siberian Tatar, which is also known as Eastern Tatar, Seber, Sebertatar, Siberian Turkish or Sybyr.
There are thre main dialects of Siberian Tatar: Baraban, Tobol-Irtysh and Tomsk. The Baraban dialect is spoken in Novosibirsk and on the Barabinsk steppe. The Tobol-Irtysh dialect is spoken in the districts of Omsk and Tyumensk along the Irtysh and Tobol rivers. The Tomsk dialect is spoken in the districts of Tomsk, Kemerovsk and Novosibirsk along the Tomi and Ob rivers.
Siberian Tatar was first studied and documented by missionaries at the end of the 18th century. At that time, Siberian Tatar was written with a version of the Arabic script. A way to write the language with the Latin alphabet was developed in the 1920s and used from 1928 to 1938, after which the Cyrillic alphabet was used. A new way to write Siberian Tatar with the Cyrillic alphabet was developed in the year 2000.
Information about Siberian Tatar
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Page last modified: 23.04.21
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