Ulch (Нани)

Ulch belongs to the Southern (Amur or Ulch) branch of the Manchu-Tungus languages. It is spoken by about 150 speakers in Siberia, mainly in the Khabarovsk region on the lower reaches of the Amur river, and is also known as Olcha, and the native name is Нани (Nani), which means 'local people'.

Ulch was first written in the 1930s with a version of the Latin alphabet for Nanai. It is now sometimes written with a version of the Cyrillic alphabet. It is taught in some primary schools.

Ulch alphabet

Ulch alphabet


Sample text

Хосимбу сагдиңгузи йосоңдами ңэнэхэти. Тара талза наму геолиқтами, пулиқктэм, геоксава йосоми, пулиқтити. Ум пас зувэ ойолони дусэ осира, ти хэйэктин, ти пулиқтин. Ти зувэ хавас ңэнин, тавас ңэни. Тара эси-гдэл ти мапа зувэти ңэнини. Пурэмди геоли гурсэли қас ңэлэчи.

Translation (Russian)

Со своим старшим Хосимбу нерповать отправились. Потом вдали от берега моря на веслах ходят, на нерпу охотясь, ездят. На одном куске льда тигр оказался, так по течению (льдину) носит да носит. Та льдина куда идет, туда (и тигр) идет. И тогда старик к льдине едет (на лодке). Охотники-напарники, гребущие веслами люди, очень боятся.

Source: http://lingsib.iea.ras.ru/ru/languages/ulch.shtml

Information compiled by 이윤호

Ulch phrases

- Луча-Нани Урчулумбуку. Русско-Ульчскйи Разговорник. с. Богородское. Хабаровск – 1993.
- Т.И. Петрова: Ульчскйи Диалект Нанайсково Языка. Москва – 1936.
- Г.Г. Вальдю: Словарь Ульчско-Русскйи и Русско-Ульчскйи. с. Богородское. Хабаровск - 2005.

Contributed by Wolfgang Kuhl

Sample video in Ulch

Information about Ulch | Phrases | Numbers


Information about the Ulch language

Ульчский диалект нанайского языка / Т.И.Петрова (Ulch grammar)

Вальдю Г.Г. Словарь ульчско-русский и русско-ульчский (Ulch-Russian dictionary)

Ulch phrases

Southern Tungusic languages

Jurchen, Manchu, Nanai, Orok / Uilta, Ulch, Xibe

Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

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