Xibe is a Tungusic language spoken in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in north west China by about 30,000 people. It is closely related to Manchu, though the Xibe people consider themselves a separte ethnic group. The Xibe were moved to the region in 1764 by the Ch'ing emperor Qianlong. The language is also known as Sibe, Xibo or Sibo.
Xibe is taught as a subject in a number of primary schools in Qapqal Xibe Autonomous County ( Cabcal Sibe beye dasangga siyan) in northern Xinjiang. It is also taught at Ili Normal University. A number of publications in Xibe were published between 1954 and 1959 by the People's Publishing House in Ürümqi. News in Xibe has been published in the Qapqal News since 1946, there are short daily radio broadcasts in Xibe, and occasional television programmes.
Xibe is written with a version of the Manchu alphabet. There is also a way to write it with the Cyrillic alphabet.
This version of the Cyrillic alphabet for Xibe was proposed in China in 1957, but did not catch on.
Information about the Xibe language, script and people
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Page last modified: 22.02.22
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