Tofa (Тоъфа дыл)

Tofa is a Northern Turkic language spoken in Irkutsk Oblast in the southeast of the Russian Federation. Tofa speakers live in the villages of Tofalar (Тофалар), Nerkha (Нерха) and Verkhnyaya Gutara (Верхняя Гутара) in the Nizhneudinsky district in the southwest of Irkutsk Oblast.

In 2010 there were 760 Tofa people, and fewer than 40 of them spoke Tofa fluently. Another 50 or so had some knowledge of the language. Tofa speakers are all older adults, and younger Tofa people speak Russian. As a result, the language is classified as moribund.

Tofa is also known as Karagas, Kamas, Karagass, Karagassisch, Karagasy, Khotowci, Taiga Sayan Turkic or Tofalar. It is closely related to Tuvan.

Until 1988 Tofa was unwritten, except in the works of scholars, who used the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets to write the language. A version of the Cyrillic alphabet for Tofa was adopted in 1988.

Tofa alphabet and pronunciation

Tofa alphabet and pronunciation

Download an alphabet chart for Tofa (Excel)

Details of the Bolyu alphabet provided by Wolfram Siegel (Word doc, in German)

Sample text

Чер өғлуғ, неңгес сыстықтығ
Көътүрүп увас, көруп танывас
Чүмесин аэтқан блаа даг hаэрhаннар
Чер өғлуғ чүмесин аэтып берген

Translation

Merciful mountain gods gave something
Having an earthen house and a fur pillow,
Something impossible to pick up and know
Gave away something having an earthen house
(A prayer for a successful bear hunt)

Source: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Тофаларский_язык#Пример_текста

Details supplied by Wolfram Siegel and Jin Wei Hii

Sample videos in Tofa

Information about Tofa | Numbers

Links

Information about the Tofa language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tofa_language
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Тофаларский_язык
http://lingsib.iea.ras.ru/ru/languages/tofa.shtml
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/kim

Turkic languages

Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Ili Turki, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kumandy, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut (Sakha)

Languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)

Page last modified: 02.07.22

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