Oroch (Орочи кэсэни)
Oroch is a Tungusic language spoken in eastern Siberia in the
Russian Federation by about 8 people. It is spoken the Komsomolsky,
Sovetskaya Gavan and Ulchsky districts of Khabarovsk Krai. There are
three dialects: Tumninsky, Khadinsky and Hungarisky. Oroch is
closely related to the Nanai and Udege languages.
The Oroch people originally called themselves нани
("man of the earth, people"), but now call themselves орочи
("deer-possessing/raising"), although they do not raise deer. This name is
thought to have been spread by J.F. Laperouse, a French sailor who visited
the area where they live in 1787.
A way of writing Oroch was devised at the beginning of the 21st century.
Oroch alphabet and pronunciation
- д = [dʒ] and н = [ɲ] before я, е, ё, и, ю and ь
- е = [æ:~ie] before consonants except д and н
- к= [ʰq] (also written as к') when between а and another vowel e.g. ак'ими [αʰqimi]
- Vowel harmony: 1. hard vowels are а, о and у; 2. soft vowels are э and у; 3. neutral vowels are е and и e.g. угдавани [ʊɢdαvαɲi], хуӈкэвэни [xuŋkəvəɲi], отоӈговони [ɔtɔɴɢɔvɔɲi]
- г [ɢ~ʁ], к = [q] ӈ = [ɴ] and х [χ] when next to а, о and у
- г = [ɣ] or [ʁ] (differs according to vowel harmony) between vowels and syllable/word-finally
- Long vowels can be marked with a macron
Information about Oroch pronunciation provided by 이윤호
Sample text in Oroch
Нима̄пу даӈса ду.
Нима̄пу даӈса ду.
Наму дагга хэм ая ба̄тунгу
Ниду сулакиду ӈоними игги,
ӈочкони игги туксаиду мападу.
Information about Oroch |
Numbers in Oroch
Information about Oroch
Northern Tungusic languages
Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet
Why not share this page:
If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.
If you like this site and find it useful, you can support it by making a donation via PayPal or Patreon, or by contributing in other ways. Omniglot is how I make my living.
Note: all links on this site to Amazon.com, Amazon.co.uk and Amazon.fr are affiliate links. This means I earn a commission if you click on any of them and buy something. So by clicking on these links you can help to support this site.