Kumandy (куманды)

Kumandy is a Northern Altai language that belongs to the Siberian or Kipchak group of Turkic languages. It is spoken mainly in the Altai Republic and Altai Krai in the south of the Russian Federation. In the Altai Republic there are Kumandy speakers in the Turachak region and Gorno-Altaisk city, and in the Altai Krai it is spoken in the Solton and Krasnogorsk regions and the city of Biysk. Kumandy is also known as Kumandin.

Kumandy was formerly considered a dialect of Altay, specifically of Northern Altay, however it is now officially recognized as a minority indigenous language in Russia. In 2010 there were 738 speakers of Kumandy, most of whom are adults.

From 1932 to 1939 Kumandy was written with a version of the Latin alphabet. In 2005 a new way to write Kumandy with the Cyrillic alphabet was introduced and is taught in schools.

Kumandy alphabets

Kumandy Latin alphabet (1932-1939)

Kumandy Latin alphabet (1932-1939)

Kumandy Cyrillic alphabet (2005)

Kumandy Cyrillic alphabet (2005)

Download Kumandy alphabet charts (Excel)

Sample text

1. Пурун-пурун тьатканар бир тьерде ӱч карындаш болгон. 2. Ӱч карындаштан эки кижи алган биризи алган дьок. 3. Ол болгон он эки дьаштуу. 4. Тьад ок турганар, тьад ок турганар, канча-канча чак ӧтти. 5. Тьадып турганда тӧптешкенер бу дьерден качарга. 6. Барчын белетенип, сугараны курудып, дьепсенгенер. 7. Ол дьер болгон дьылыг дьер, кар дьагвас. 8. Бу ла дьерде бӱткен барчын анда болгон. 9. Кыштынъ согуны унънан дьок. 10. Кандыгла тьӱг ниме тьиглек ӧзип дьат.

Translation

1. A long time ago, three brothers lived in the same country. 2. Of the three brothers, two were married, and one was not married. 3. He was twelve years old. 4. Once upon a time, several centuries have passed. 5. When they lived, they agreed to run away from this country. 6. Having cooked everything, dried the breadcrumbs, they began to get ready for the road. 7. This country was warm, it didn't snow there. 8. What could grow in this land, everything was there. 9. They didn't know the winter frost. 10. All kinds of fruits have matured there.

Source: https://mobile.atlaskmns.ru/page/ru/lang_kumandincy_all.html

Sample text provided by Jin Wei Hii

Sample videos in and about Kumandy

Information about Kumandy | Phrases | Numbers

Links

Information about Kumandy
http://www.endangeredlanguages.com/lang/10475
https://lingsib.iea.ras.ru/en/languages/kumandy.shtml
https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Кумандинское_наречие
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Altai_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumandins

Turkic languages

Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Ili Turki, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kyrgyz, Lop, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Romanian Tatar, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut (Sakha)

Languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Akkala Sámi, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Bosnian, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Daur, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kaitag, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Karelian, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khorasani Turkic, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Kili, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Lithuanian, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Romanian, Rushani, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Sirenik, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Teleut, Ter Sámi, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Xibe, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern / Tundra), Yukaghir (Southern / Kolyma), Yupik (Central Siberian)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page created: 03.08.21. Last modified: 04.05.24

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