Yukaghir (Юкагир йылме)

The Yukaghir language family consists of just two languages: Northern or Tundra Yukaghir (Вадул аруу) and Southern or Forest Yukaghir, both of which are spoken along the Kolyma River in North-East Siberia and which are almost entirely mutually incomprehensible. Northern Yukaghir, which is also known as Odul, Tundra or Tundre, is spoken by about 150 people, while Southern Yukaghir (Одул), which is also known as Kolym, Kolyma or Odul, has fewer than 50 speakers.

The Yukaghir languages with first written in the 1970s using a spelling system using the Cyrillic alphabet devised by Gavril Kurilov, a native speaker of Tundra Yukaghir. This system was accepted as the official Yukaghir orthography by the Yakut Ministry of Education in 1987.

Some poetry, short stories, dictionaries, teaching materials and translations from Russian have been published in Yukaghir. Both Yukaghir languages have been taught to some extent in schools since the 1980s.

Northern Yukaghir alphabet and pronunciation

Northern Yukaghir alphabet and pronunciation

Southern Yukaghir alphabet and pronunciation

Southern Yukaghir alphabet and pronunciation

Download alphabet charts for Yukaghir (Excel)

Sample text in Northern Yukaghir

Көдэҥ тэн - ньидитэ бандьэ параwааньэрэҥ тудэ чуҥдэн ньилдьилэк эннулҥинь-мэдьуолнуни. Көдэҥ энмун чундэ мэ льэй, таатльэр лукундьии ньинэмдьийилпэ дитэ эннуйуол-мораwньэҥи.

Transliteration (by Shawn Kilpatrick)

Ködeŋ ten - ñidite bandye parawaañereŋ tude čuŋden ñildyilek ennulŋiñ - medyuolnuni. Ködeŋ enmun čunde me lyey, taatlyer lukundyii ñinemdyiyilpe dite ennuyuol - morawñeŋi.


All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Yukaghir


Information about Yukaghir languages

Languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern), Yukaghir (Southern), Yupik (Central Siberian)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

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