Orok belongs to the southern branch of the Manchu-Tungus (Tungusic) languages. It is spoken by about 64 people in the Poronaysky and Nogliksky Administrative Divisions of Sakhalin Island in the Russian Federation. There are also some Oroks who live on Hokkaido island in Japan and maybe three of them speak Orok.
Orok is used as an everyday language by some members of the older generation of Orok people, and is taught in one school on Sakhalin. Since 2007 Orok has been written with a version of the Cyrillic alphabet, and an Orok primer has been published. A Japanese linguist, Professor Jiro Ikegami, developed the written form of Orok.
Чипāли гуруннē балӡичи гэвумэ, омотто м нэ мөрөнӡи, м нэ доронӡи. Нōчи идэлу, иркалу, м нэ м нӡи нāдактаӈачи бūчи.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about the Orok language and people
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Page last modified: 27.11.23
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