Yakut (саха тыла)

Yakut is a Turkic language with about 450,000 speakers in northern Russia. It is spoken mainly in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), and also in the Khabarovsk Region, and in Irkutsk and Magadan provinces. Yakut is a statutory provincial language in the Sakha Republic, which is known as Республика Саха (Respublika Sakha) in Russian, and Саха Өрөспүүбүлүкэтэ (Sakha Öröspüübülükete) in Yakut.

Yakut is also known as Sakha or Yakut-Sakha. Native names of the language are саха тыла‎ (saqa tıla) [saxa tɯla] and сахалыы‎ (saqalıı) [saxalɯː].

Yakut first appeared in writing in 1692 as part of a book by the traveller N. Witsen, which was published in Amsterdam. The first literary work in Yakut, Reminiscences by A. Y. Uvarovsky, was published in 1851 as a part of Otto N. Böhtlingk's work About the Yakut language. Böhtlingk used an alphabet based on Cyrillic with some special characters. Since then several different versions of the Cyrillic alphabet have been used to write Yakut, and between 1929 and 1939 a version of the Latin alphabet was used.

As well as being spoken by ethnic Yakuts, Yakut is used as a lingua franca by Dolgans, Evenks, Evens and Yukagirs in the Sakha Republic.

Yakut Cyrillic alphabet (Сахалыы сурук-бичигэ)

Yakut Cyrillic alphabet (1939-)

Notes

Yakut Latin alphabet (Yañalif - 1929-1939)

Yakut Latin alphabet (1929-1939)

Download alphabet charts for Yakut (Excel)

Sample text

Дьон барыта бэйэ суолтатыгар уонна быраабыгар тэҥ буолан төрүүллэр. Кинилэр бары өркөн өйдөөх, суобастаах буолан төрүүллэр, уонна бэйэ бэйэлэригэр тылга кииринигэс быһыылара доҕордоһуу тыыннаах буолуохтаах.

Transliteration

Con barıta beye suoltatıgar uonna bıraabıgar teñ buolan törüüller. Kininler barı örkön öydööx, suobastaax buolan törüüller, uonna beye beyeleriger tılga kiiriniges bıhıılara doğordohuu tıınnaax buoluoxtaax.

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Sample videos in Yakut

Information about Yakut (Sakha) | Phrases | Numbers | Tower of Babel

Links

Information about Yakut / Sakha
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yakut_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yakut_scripts
http://www.peoples.org.ru/eng_jakut.html
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/sah

Saxa language grammar (in Russian)
http://wiki.sakhatyla.ru/wiki/Категория:Грамматика
http://www.sakhatyla.ru/scans/7

Online Yakut - Russian dictionary
http://www.sakhatyla.ru

Online Yakut news
http://www.kyym.ru

Turkic languages

Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut

Languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern), Yukaghir (Southern), Yupik (Central Siberian)

Languages written with the Latin alphabet

Page last modified: 23.04.21


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