Tajik is a variety of Persian spoken mainly in Tajikistan, and also in Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China and Kazakhstan. There are about 8 million speakers of Tajik, including 6.3 million in Tajikstan (in 2012), 1.2 million in Uzbekistan (in 2014), 42,000 in Kyrgyzstan (in 2009), 40,000 in China (in 2010), and 33,500 in Kazakhstan (in 2009).
The Persian language in Tajikistan was renamed Tajik by Stalin in 1932 in order to distance Persian speakers in Central Asia from Persian speakers in Iran.
Before 1928 Tajik was written with a version of the Perso-Arabic script, then with the Latin alphabet between 1928 to 1940, then with a modified version of the Cyrillic alphabet thereafter. In 1989, the Tajik government passed a law calling for the reintroduction of the Arabic alphabet. There are also some people in favour of switching to the Latin alphabet.
ح is also known as ҳуттӣ / huttī; ﻩ is also known as ҳавваз / havvaz
Corrections provided by Michael Peter Füstumum
Hear how to pronounce Tajik:
تمام آدمان آزاد به دنيا مى آيند و از لحاظ منزلت و حقوق با هم برابرند. همه صحب عقل و وجدانند، بايد نسبت به يكديگر برادروار مناسبت نمايند.
Tmạm ậdmạn ậzạd bh dnyạ mỵ ậynd w ạz lḥạẓ mnzlt w ḥqwq bạ hm brạbrnd. hmh ṣḥb ʿql w wjdạnnd, bạyd nsbt bh ykdygr brạdrwạr mnạsbt nmạynd.
Tamomi odamon ozod ba dunyo meojand va az lihozi manzilatu huquq bo ham barobarand. Hama sohibi aqlu viçdonand, bojad nisbat ba jakdigar barodarvor munosabat namojand.
Тамоми одамон озод ба дунё меоянд ва аз лиҳози манзилату ҳуқуқ бо ҳам баробаранд. Ҳама соҳиби ақлу виҷдонанд, бояд нисбат ба якдигар бародарвор муносабат намоянд.
Tamomi odamon ozod ba dunë meoând va az lix̧ozi manzilatu x̧uķuķ bo x̧am barobarand. X̧ama sox̧ibi aķlu viç̌donand, boâd nisbat ba âkdigar barodarvor munosabat namoând.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Radio Free Europe Tajik Service
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Page last modified: 05.10.22
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