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Tsakhur (цӀаӀхна миз / c'äxna miz)

Tsakhur is a northeast Caucasian language spoken in northern Azerbaijan and in southwestern Dagestan in the Russian Federation. In 2011 there were about 11,700 speakers of Tsakhur in Azerbaijan, and in 2010 there were about 10,600 Tsakhur speakers in Russia. The language is named after a village in Dagestan where there is a majority of Tsakhur speakers.

Tsakhur was first documented in 1895 by Roderich von Erckert, and a grammar was published in 1913 by Adolf Dirr. A written form of Tsakhur was developed in the 1930s and the language was taught in primary schools until 1938. It was reintroduced in 1989.

In Azerbaijan Tsakhur is written with a version of the Latin alphabet, and in Dagestan the Cyrillic alphabet is used. Attempts have been made to write the language in the Arabic script since the 11th century.

Tsakhur is taught in primary schools in Dagestan and Azerbaijan, and there are some newspapers and radio broadcasts in the language,which has no official status.

Tsakhur Cyrillic alphabet

Tsakhur Cyrillic alphabet and pronunciation

Tsakhur Latin alphabet

Tsakhur Latin alphabet and pronunciation

Download alphabet charts for Tsakhur in Word or PDF format

Sample text in Tsakhur

Sample text in Tsakhur

Благословения & Клятвы (Blessings & Oaths)

Source: Г.Х. Ибрагимов, Цахурский язык, Академия наук СССР, Москва – 1990.

Sample text supplied by Wolfgang Kuhl

Information about Tsakhur | Numbers


Information about Tsakhur language and people

Northeast Caucasian languages

Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Batsbi, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi

Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet

If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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