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Koryak (Нымылан / Nymylan)

Koryak is a Chukotko-Kamchatkan language spoken in northeastern Siberia, mainly in the Koryak Autonomous Region in northern part of the Kamchatka peninsula, and an the adjoining mainland from the Taigonos Peninsula to the Bering Sea. According to the 2010 census, there are 1,665 speakers of Koryak, which is closely related to Chukchi.

The Koryaks call themselves by two different names: chavchu 'reindeer rearers' or 'rich in reindeer' for the traditionally nomadic reindeer-herding tribes, while the settled tribes call themselves nymylan 'resident, settler'. The word Koryak means 'at the reindeer' or 'with the reindeer', a name for the Koryak coined by a neighbouring people.

A method of writing Koryak using the Latin alphabet was devised in 1932 and based on the Chavchyvan dialect. In 1937 the Koryaks had to adopt the Cyrillic alphabet to write their language.

Koryak alphabet

Koryak alphabet

The letters ё, щ and ь are only used in Russian loanwords.

Download an alphabet chart for Koryak (Excel)

Information about Koryak pronunciation compiled by Wolfram Siegel

Sample videos in Koryak

Information about Koryak | Numbers

Links

Information about the Koryak language and people
http://www.koryaks.net
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koryak_language
http://www.mnh.si.edu/arctic/features/croads/koryak.html
http://www.nupi.no/cgi-win/Russland/etnisk_b.exe?Koryak
http://www.eki.ee/books/redbook/koryaks.shtml

Koryak texts - a collection of Koryak stories translated into English
http://www.sacred-texts.com/asia/kort/

Koryak-Chukchi Topical Dictionary
http://www.ling-atlas.jp/r/kydic/show/1?lang=e

Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages

Alyutor, Chukchi, Itelmen, Koryak

Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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