Koryak is a Chukotko-Kamchatkan language spoken in northeastern Siberia, mainly in the Koryak Autonomous Region in northern part of the Kamchatka peninsula, and an the adjoining mainland from the Taigonos Peninsula to the Bering Sea. According to the 2010 census, there are 1,665 speakers of Koryak, which is closely related to Chukchi.
The Koryaks call themselves by two different names: chavchu 'reindeer rearers' or 'rich in reindeer' for the traditionally nomadic reindeer-herding tribes, while the settled tribes call themselves nymylan 'resident, settler'. The word Koryak means 'at the reindeer' or 'with the reindeer', a name for the Koryak coined by a neighbouring people.
A method of writing Koryak using the Latin alphabet was devised in 1932 and based on the Chavchyvan dialect. In 1937 the Koryaks had to adopt the Cyrillic alphabet to write their language.
Details provided by Wolfram Siegel and Michael Peter Füstumum
Information about the Koryak language and people
Koryak texts - a collection of Koryak stories translated into English
Koryak-Chukchi Topical Dictionary
Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumandy, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir (Northern), Yukaghir (Southern), Yupik (Central Siberian)
Page last modified: 23.04.21
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