Chuvash is a Bolgar Turkic language spoken in the Chuvash Republic in the west of the Russian Federation. In 2010 there were about 1.2 million speakers of Chuvash. It is the official language of the Chuvash Republic (Чӑваш Республики), which is also known as the Chuvashia (Чӑваш Ен), and is also spoken in Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.
The first Chuvash grammar was published in 1769. A number of dictionaries, translations of religious texts and folkloric texts were published during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Chuvash has been written with a Runic script, the Arabic alphabet, and the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. The Cyrillic alphabet for Chuvash was first introduced in 1873 by Ivan Yakovlevich Yakovlev. Since then it has undergone a number of revisions, particularly in 1938. The Latin alphabet is sometimes used as well, though there is no standard, official version.
Chuvash numerals developed from the numeral system of the Old Turkish script and were used until the early 20th century. Since then Hindu-Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3) have been used.
Source: Определитель языков мира по письменностям. Академия наук СССР. Москва – 1965.
Pirĕn kolhoz pysăk ta pujan. Unăn uj-hirĕ sarlaka. Kolhozăn vyl'ah-çĕrlĕh fermisem pur. Tĕrlĕ jalhuşalăh mašinisem numaj. Gruzoviksem pur. Kolhozăn elektrostanci te pur. Kohoz elektriçestvo văjĕpe usă kurat'. Pirĕn kolhoz văjlă tyrpul tăvăt', vyl'ăhçĕrlĕh tuhaşne űsteret. Kolhozăn klub pur. Unta ças-çasah kino kătartaşşĕ. Kino kurma škul açisem te sűreşşĕ. Kolhozra vattisem te, şamrăkkisem te – purte tărăšsa ĕşleşşĕ. Kolhozniksen purnăşĕ şulgan-şulgah dajăhlansa pyrat'. Santalăk sivĕtrĕ. asah jur şurĕ. Tavrana šap-šură turĕ. Šyvsem šănsa larçĕş. Kolhozniksem vărmana ĕşleme kajrĕş. Açasem şunaškasempe jĕltĕrsene jusarĕş. Vĕsem savănsa tăvajkkinçe jarănaşşĕ.
Sample text supplied by Wolfgang Kuhl. Transliteration by Julijan Jovanovic
Information about the Chuvash language
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