Chuvash is a Bolgar Turkic language spoken in the Chuvash Republic in the west of the Russian Federation. In 2010 there were about 1.2 million speakers of Chuvash. It is the official language of the Chuvash Republic (Чӑваш Республики), which is also known as the Chuvashia (Чӑваш Ен), and is also spoken in Tatarstan and Bashkortostan.
The first Chuvash grammar was published in 1769. A number of dictionaries, translations of religious texts and folkloric texts were published during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Chuvash has been written with a Runic script, the Arabic alphabet, and the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. The Cyrillic alphabet for Chuvash was first introduced in 1873 by Ivan Yakovlevich Yakovlev. Since then it has undergone a number of revisions, particularly in 1938. The Latin alphabet is sometimes used as well, though there is no standard, official version.
Chuvash numerals developed from the numeral system of the Old Turkish script and were used until the early 20th century. Since then Hindu-Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3) have been used.
Пур халӑх та уйрӑм пурӑнма пӗр тан праваллӑ. Ҫак правапа усӑ курса вӗсем хӑйсен политика статусне ирӗклӗн туса хураҫҫӗ, экономика, общество тата культура енӗпе ирӗклӗн аталанаҫҫӗ. Патшалӑхсен ҫак правӑна хисеплемелле, территори пӗр пӗтӗмлӗхӗн принципӗ унпа усӑ курма пӗр енлӗн чарса тӑракан чӑрмав пулмалла мар.
Pur halăh ta uyrăm purănma pĕr tan pravallă. Şak pravapa usă kursa vĕsem hăysen politika statusne irĕklĕn tusa huraşşĕ, ekonomika, obşçestvo tata kul’tura enĕpe irĕklĕn atalanaşşĕ. Patšalăhsen şak pravăna hiseplemelle, territori pĕr pĕtĕmlĕhĕn printsipĕ unpa usă kurma pĕr enlĕn çarsa tărakan çărmav pulmalla mar.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about the Chuvash language
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