Tabassaran is a Northeast Caucasian language spoken mainly in the Republic of Dagestan in the Russian Federation, where it is one of the 14 official state languages. According to the 2010 Russian census, there are 126,000 speakers of Tabassaran in Russia. There are also Tabassaran speakers in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. There are two main dialects of Tabassaran: Southern Tabassaran and Northern Tabassaran, and written Tabassaran is based on the southern dialect.
Tabassaran is also known Ghumghum, Tabasarantsky or Tabasaran. It is used in literature, newspapers and other publications.
From the beginning of the 20th Century to 1928, Tabassaran was written with the Arabic alphabet, after which it was written with the Latin alphabet. Then in 1937 a version of the Cyrillic alphabet was adopted to write Tabassaran.
The letters ё, о, щ, ы and ь are only used in Russian names and loanwords.
Information about the pronunciation of Tabassaran compiled by Wolfram Siegel
Гьаддиз гьамци ккарагай: «Я аьршариъ айи ич Адаш! Яв ччвур гирами ибшри. Яв Паччагьлугъ улубкьри. Яв гаф аьршариъси жилиинра тамам ибшри. Учуз лазим вуйи уьл гъийиз ча. Учук кайи бурж учуз гьялал апІин, ва учура жарадарик кайи ич буржар дурариз гьялал апІурча. Учу тямягьариъ мааан, писвалихьан уьрх».
Information about the Tabassaran language
Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Batsbi, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi
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