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Tabassaran (табасаран чIал)

Tabassaran is a North East Caucasian language spoken mainly in the Russian republic of Dagestan, where it is one of the 14 official state languages. According to the 2010 Russian census, there are 126,000 speakers of Tabassaran in Russia. There are also speakers of Tabassaran in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. There are two main dialects of Tabassaran: Southern Tabassaran and Northern Tabassaran, and written Tabassaran is based on the southern dialect.

Tabassaran is also known Ghumghum, Tabasarantsky or Tabasaran. It is used in literature, newspapers and other publications.

From the beginning of the 20th Century to 1928, Tabassaran was written with the Arabic alphabet, after which it was written with the Latin alphabet. Then in 1937 a version of the Cyrillic alphabet was adopted to write Tabassaran.

Tabassaran alphabet and pronunciation

Tabassaran alphabet and pronunciation

Notes

The letters ё, о, щ, ы and ь are only used in Russian names and loanwords.

Information about the pronunciation of Tabassaran compiled by Wolfram Siegel

Download an alphabet chart for Tabassaran (Excel)

Sample text (Lord's Prayer)

Гьаддиз гьамци ккарагай: «Я аьршариъ айи ич Адаш! Яв ччвур гирами ибшри. Яв Паччагьлугъ улубкьри. Яв гаф аьршариъси жилиинра тамам ибшри. Учуз лазим вуйи уьл гъийиз ча. Учук кайи бурж учуз гьялал апІин, ва учура жарадарик кайи ич буржар дурариз гьялал апІурча. Учу тямягьариъ мааан, писвалихьан уьрх».

Source: Christian Child. Multi-Lingual Bible Verse

Sample video in Tabassaran

Links

Information about the Tabassaran language
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tabassaran_language
http://languageserver.uni-graz.at/ls/desc?id=31&type=r
https://www.ethnologue.com/language/tab

Northeast Caucasian languages

Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Batsbi, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi

Other languages written with the Cyrillic alphabet


If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.

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