Adyghe is a North West Caucasian language spoken by about 300,000 people mainly in the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation. Adyghe, which is also known as West Circassian, is also spoken in Turkey, Israel and Jordan.
Adyghe is closely related to Kabardian, and to a lesser extent to Ubykh, Abkhaz and Abaza. According to the UNESCO Map of the World's Languages in Danger (2009), Adyghe is vulnerable.
Since 1938 Adyghe has been written with a version of the Cyrillic alphabet. Between 1927 and 1938 it was written with the Latin alphabet, and before 1927 it was written with the Arabic alphabet. The literary language is based on the Chemguy dialect.
Hear the Adyghe alphabet with example words:
ЦIыф пстэури шъхьэфитэу, ялъытэныгъэрэ яфэшъуашэхэмрэкIэ зэфэдэу къалъфы. Акъылрэ зэхэшIыкI гъуазэрэ яIэшъы, зыр зым зэкъош зэхашІэ азфагу дэлъэу зэфыщытынхэ фае.
C̣əf pstăwri ŝḥăfităw, jāłətănəġără jāfăŝwašăxăмrăč̣̍ă zăfădăw qałfə. Āqəlră zăxăṣ̂əč̣̍ ġwazără jāʾăŝə, zər zəм zăqoš zăxaṣ̂ă azfagw dăłăw zăfəš̍ətənxă faе.
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They
are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another
in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)
Information about Adyghe language
Adyghe Language Guide - online lessons
Adyghe transliteration tool
Recordings in Adyghe
If you need to type in many different languages, the Q International Keyboard can help. It enables you to type almost any language that uses the Latin, Cyrillic or Greek alphabets, and is free.
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