Western Yugur is a member of the North East branch of the Turkic language family. It is spoken Sunan Yugur autonomous county (肃南裕固族自治县) in Gansu province in the northwest of China. In 2007 there were about 4,600 speakers of Western Yugur, which is also known as West Yugur, Sari Yogur, Sarig, Sarygh Uygur, Sary-Uighur, Ya Lu, Yellow Uighur, Yugu or Yuku.
Western Yugur was first written in the 1880s by the Russian ethnographer and natural historian Grigory Potanin (Григорий Николаевич Потанин), who published a book in 1893 featuring a glossary of words in the West Yugur language. More Western Yugur words were collected by Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim, a Finnish military leader and statesman, in the early 20th century.
The first recordings of Western Yugur were made between 1909 and 1915 by Sergey Malov (Сергей Ефимович Малов), a Russian linguist who specialised in Turkic languages.
Western Yugur can be written with the Latin alphabet, although few speakers of Western Yugur can read and write their language. Instead, they generally read and write in Chinese. The alphabet below comes from The Western Yugur (Yellow Uygur) Language: Grammar, Texts, Vocabulary by Martina Erica Roo. It is not clear if anybody uses writes the language in this way.
Information about Western Yugur
Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karamanli Turkish, Kazakh, Khakas, Khalaj, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Salar, Shor, Siberian Tatar, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Western Yugur, Yakut
Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Aghul, Akhvakh, Aleut, Altay, Alyutor, Andi, Archi, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Avar, Azeri, Bagvalal, Balkar, Bashkir, Belarusian, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Bulgarian, Buryat, Chamalal, Chechen, Chelkan, Chukchi, Chulym, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dargwa, Dolgan, Dungan, Enets, Erzya, Even, Evenki, Gagauz, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Interslavic, Itelmen, Juhuri, Kabardian, Kalderash Romani, Kalmyk, Karaim, Karakalpak, Karata, Kazakh, Ket, Khakas, Khanty, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kildin Sámi, Komi, Koryak, Krymchak, Kryts, Kubachi, Kumyk, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lak, Lezgi, Lingua Franca Nova, Ludic, Macedonian, Mansi, Mari, Moksha, Moldovan, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nanai, Negidal, Nenets, Nganasan, Nivkh, Nogai, Old Church Slavonic, Oroch, Orok, Ossetian, Pontic Greek, Russian, Rusyn, Rutul, Selkup, Serbian, Shor, Shughni, Siberian Tatar, Slovio, Soyot, Tabassaran, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Tatar, Tindi, Tofa, Tsakhur, Tsez, Turkmen, Tuvan, Ubykh, Udege, Udi, Udmurt, Ukrainian, Ulch, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Votic, Wakhi, West Polesian, Yaghnobi, Yakut, Yazghulami, Yukaghir, Yupik (Central Siberian)
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