Index of languages by language family

Languages are grouped into 135 families consisting of languages that are known or thought to be related. For example, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian and other Romance languages all developed from Latin, and form one branch of the Indo-European language family. Languages with no relatives are known as language isolates.

There are 7,111 languages currently spoken, according to Ethnologue. Other sources give different totals. Over half of these languages have fewer than 10,000 speakers.

Sources: https://www.ethnologue.com/statistics
https://www.ethnologue.com/guides/how-many-languages
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endangered_language

This is a list of the languages featured on Omniglot arranged by the language families they belong to, with details of each language family.


Writing systems (A-Z) | Writing systems (by direction) | Writing systems (by language) | What is writing? | Types of writing system | Differences between writing and speech | Language and Writing Statistics | Languages (A-Z) | Languages (by family) | Languages (native names) | Constructed scripts


Afroasiatic languages

The Afroasiatic language family includes around 375 languages which are spoken by over 350 million people in the Middle East, North Africa and parts of the Sahel. These languages are also known as Afro-Asiatic, Afrasian or Hamito-Semitic / Chamito-Semitic.

Berber languages
Ancient Berber, Ghadamès, Ghomara, Guanche, Kabyle, Rifian, Shilha (Tashelhit), Shawiya, Tamahaq, Tamasheq, Tamazight, Zenaga, Zuwara Berber
Chadic languages
Bade, Goemai, Hausa, Lele, Marba, Miya, Musey, Mwaghavul, Ngizim, Polci, Tangale, Tumak
Cushitic languages
Afaan-Oromo, Afar, Awngi, Beja, Blin, Gawwada, Iraqw, Somali, Xamtanga
Egyptian languages
Ancient Egyptian, Coptic
Omotic languages
Aari, Bench, Dizin, Hamer(-Banna), Sheko, Wolaytta
Semitic languages
Akkadian, Amharic, Arabic (Algerian), Arabic (Egyptian), Arabic (Lebanese), Arabic (Modern Standard), Arabic (Moroccan), Arabic (Syrian), Aramaic, Argobba, Assyrian / Neo-Assyrian, Canaanite, Chaha, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Ge'ez, Hadhramautic, Harari, Hebrew, Himyaritic, Jewish Neo-Aramaic, Maltese, Mandaic, Nabataean, Neo-Mandaic, Phoenician, Punic, Qatabanic, Sabaean, Sabaic, Silt'e, Syriac, Tigre, Tigrinya, Turoyo, Ugaritic, Western Neo-Aramaic

More information about the Afroasiatic languages
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afroasiatic_languages
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Afro-Asiatic_languages.html
http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/afro-asiatic

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Algonquian languages

The Algonquian languages are spoken by between 90,000 and 130,000 people in southern Canada and northern parts of the USA. They are also known as Algic or Algonkian languages.

Algonquian languages
Abenaki, Algonquin, Arapaho, Atikamekw, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Cree, Cree (Woods), Innu (Montagnais), Kickapoo, Malecite-Passamaquoddy, Fox, Loup, Massachusett (Wampanoag), Menominee, Miami, Míkmaq, Mohegan, Mohican, Munsee, Narragansett, Naskapi, Ojibwe, Oji-Cree, Ottawa, Powhatan, Potawatomi, Quiripi, Shawnee, Unami (Lenape)

More information about the Algonquian languages
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algonquian_languages
http://www.native-languages.org/famalg.htm
http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/Algonquian_languages.html
http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/algic

Examples of spoken Algonquian languages

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Araucanian languages

The Araucanian languages are, and were, spoken in central Chile and neighbouring parts of Argentina. Only two of these languages are still spoken: Mapuche and Huilliche, which are also classified as Mapudungu languages.

Araucanian languages
Huilliche, Mapuche

More information about Araucanian languages
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Araucanian_languages
https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/mapudungu

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Arawakan languages

There are 59 Arawakan languages spoken by about 500,000 people in parts of South and Central America and on Caribbean islands. They are also known as Arahuacan, Maipuran or Maipurean languages.

Arawakan/Maipurean languages
Achagua, Apurinã, Arawak, Asháninka, Ashéninka, Baniwa, Baniwa of Guainía, Caquinte, Chamicuro, Curripaco, Garifuna, Iñapari, Machiguenga, Nanti, Nomatsiguenga, Paraujuano, Paresi, Pauna, Piapoco, Taíno-Borikenaíki, Tariana, Terêna, Wayuu, Yanesha', Yucuna

More information about Arawakan languages
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arawakan_languages
http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_family.asp?subid=225-16
http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/maipurean
http://www.sorosoro.org/en/arawak-languages

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Austroasiatic languages

The 169 Austroasiatic languages are spoken by about 80 million people in Southeast Asia, India, Bangladesh and southern parts of China.

Bahnaric languages
Brao, Chrau, Jru, Koho, Kuy, Sedang, Tampuan
Khasic languages
Khasi
Khmeric languages
Khmer, Northern Khmer
Khmuic languages
Khmu
Monic languages
Mon
Munda languages
Gadaba, Ho, Kurukh, Mundari, Santali, Sora
Palaungic languages
Palaung, Wa
Vietic languages
Kri, Muong, Vietnamese

More information about Austroasiatic languages
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austroasiatic_languages
http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_family.asp?subid=271-16
http://www.sorosoro.org/en/austro-asiatic-languages

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Australian languages

There are 264 Aboriginal languages in Australia belonging to 27 different languages families, although the majority belong to the Pama-Nyungan family. There are also a number of language isolates. They are spoken by a total of around 50,000 people.

Arnhem languages
Anindilyakwa, Bininj Kunwok, Nunggubuyu
Garrwan languages
Garawa
Iwaidjan languages
Maung
Jarrakan languages
Gija, Miriwoong
Mirndi languages
Jaminjung, Jingulu, Wambaya
Pama-Nyungan languages
Alyawarr, Arrernte, Bundjalung, Dhuwal, Djinang, Djinba, Gamilaraay, Gooniyandi, Gugadja, Guugu Yalandji, Guugu Yimithirr, Kala Lagaw Ya, Kaurna, Kunjen, Kuuk Thaayorre, Martu Wangka, Ngaanyatjarra, Ngiyambaa, Noongar, Paakantyi, Pintupi, Pitjantjatjara, Warlpiri, Wemba Wemba, Wik-Mungkan, Wiradjuri, Yindjibarndi, Yolngu
Southern Daly languages
Murrinh-Patha

More information about Australian Aboriginal languages
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Aboriginal_languages
http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_family.asp?subid=27-16
http://www.clc.org.au/articles/info/aboriginal-languages/

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Austronesian languages

The 1,257 Austronesian languages are spoken by about 300 million people in the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, and in Madagascar. Some of them are also spoken on the Southeast Asian mainland. They are thought to originate in Taiwan.

Batanic languages
Itbayat, Ivatan, Yami
Bornean languages

Central Sinama,

  • Kadazandusun,
  • Rejang

  • Formosan languages
    Amis, Atayal, Bunun, Kanakanavu, Kavalan, Paiwan, Pazeh, Puyuma, Rukai, Saaroa, Saisiyat, Seediq, Tsou
    Malayo-Polynesian languages
    Amarasi, Anuki, Araki, Balinese, Barai, Batak, Bima, Bugis, Bushi, Cham, Chamorro, Chru, Cia-Cia, Dawan, Dhao, Duri, Ende-Li'o, Fijian, Galoli, Hawu, Hoava, Iban, Indonesian, Jarai, Javanese, Kerinci, Lampung, Ledo Kaili, Madurese, Makasarese, Malagasy, Malay, Mandar, Manggarainese, Mbula, Minangkabau, Moronene, Mualang, Muna, Musi, Ndrumbea, Nias, Paicî, Palauan, Rade, Sasak, Sumbawa, Sundanese, Tetum, Tii, Tolaki, Toqabaqita, Toraja-Sa'dan, Wandamen, Western Rote, Xârâcùù, Yakan
    Micronesian languages
    Chuukese, Carolinian, Kiribati, Kosraean, Marshallese, Mokilese, Mortlockese, Nauruan, Pingelapese, Pohnpeian, Puluwatese, Satawalese, Sonsorolese, Ulithian, Woleaian
    Oceanic languages
    Adzera, Ajië, Apma, Are, ’Auhelawa, Buhutu, Bwaidoka, Drehu, Hiri Motu, Kakabai, Kaninuwa, Kove, Kurti, Lote, Maskelynes, Mato, Motu, Mwotlap, Nyelâyu, Paamese, Raga, Rotuman, Roviana, Sakao, Saliba, Sio, Tami, Tolai, Ubir, Vurës, Western Fijian, Yabem, Yapese
    Philippine languages
    Abellen, Aklan, Arta, Balangao, Bantik, Bantoanon, Bikol, Binukid, Bolinao, Bontoc, Botolan, Buhid, Butuanon, Caluyanon, Capiznon, Casiguran Dumagat Agta, Cebuano, Cuyonon, Dupaningan, Gaddang, Gorontalo, Hanuno'o, Hiligaynon, Ibaloi, Ibanag, Ifugao, Iloko, Iraya, Isnag, Itawis, Kagayanen, Kalanguya, Kankanaey, Kapampangan, Kinaray-a, Maranao, Masbateño, Matigsalug, Mongondow, Pangasinan, Romblomanon, Sambal, Sangirese, Tagalog, Tagabawà, Tagbanwa, Tausūg, Tboli, Tombulu, Tondano, Waray-Waray, Yogad
    Polynesian languages
    Anutan, Emae, Futuna-Aniwa, Futunan, Hawaiian, Kapingamarangi, Mangareva, Maori, Mele-Fila, Moriori, Niuafoʻou, Niuean, Nukuoro, Nukuria, Ontong Java, Penrhyn, Pukapukan, Rakahanga-Manihiki, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan, Rennellese, Samoan, Sikaiana, Tahitian, Takuu, Tikopia, Tokelauan, Tongan, Tuvaluan, Vaeakau-Taumako, Wallisian

    More information about the Austronesian languages
    http://www.sorosoro.org/en/austronesian-languages
    http://archive.ethnologue.com/16/show_family.asp?subid=243-16
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Austronesian_languages

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    Aymaran languages

    Aymaran is a small family of languages spoken in central parts of the Andes mainly in Bolivia, and also in Peru, Chile and Argentina. There are some 2.5 million speakers of these languages, almost all of whom speak Aymara.

    Aymaran languages
    Aymara, Jaqaru

    More information about the Aymaran languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aymaran_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/aymaran

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    Barbacoan languages

    The Barbacoan languages are spoken by about 248,000 people in northern Ecador and southern Columbia.

    Barbacoan languages
    Awa Pit, Cha'palaa(chi), Guambiano, Tsafiki

    More information about the Barbacoan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbacoan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/barbacoan

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    Caddoan languages

    The Caddoan languages are spoken on the Great Plains of the USA from North Dakota to Oklahoma. Four Caddoan languages are still spoken, though only by a small number of elderly people.

    Caddoan languages
    Arikara, Caddo, Pawnee, Wichita

    More information about the Cariban languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caddoan_languages

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    Cariban languages

    The Cariban languages are spoken in parts of Venezuela, Colombia, Suriname, Guyana and Brazil. Most only have a hundred speakers, but one, Macushi, is spoken by 30,000 people.

    Cariban languages
    Akurio, Bakairi, Carib, Carijona, Hixkaryána, Ikpeng, Japreria, Macushi, Panare, Pemon, Tiriyó, Wayana

    More information about the Cariban languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cariban_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/cariban

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    Cahuapanan languages

    There are just two Cahuapanan languages, Chayahuita and Jebero, which are spoken about 10,400 people in Peru.

    Cahuapanan languages
    Chayahuita, Jebero

    More information about the Cahuapanan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cahuapanan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/cahuapanan

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    Caucasian languages

    The languages of the Caucasus region are grouped into three families, which are not related to one another: Northeast, Northwest and South Caucasian.

    The Northeast Caucasian languages are spoken by about 3.8 million people in the Russian republics of Dagestan and Chechnya, the disputed region of Ingushetia, and in northern Azerbaijan and northeastern Georgia.

    Northeast Caucasian languages
    Aghul, Akhvakh, Andi, Archi, Avar, Bagvalal, Batsbi, Bezhta, Botlikh, Budukh, Caucasian Albanian, Chamalal, Chechen, Dargwa, Godoberi, Hinukh, Hunzib, Ingush, Karata, Khinalug, Khwarshi, Kryts, Kubachi, Lak, Lezgian, Rutul, Tabassaran, Tindi, Tsakhur, Tsez, Udi

    The Northwest Caucasian languages have about 2.5 million speakers in Adygea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, and Abkhazia in the Russian Federation, and also in Turkey.

    Northwest Caucasian languages
    Abaza, Abhkaz, Adyghe, Kabardian, Ubykh

    The South Caucasian or Kartvelian languages have some 5.2 million speakers in Georgia and neighbouring parts of Russia.

    South Caucasian / Kartvelian languages
    Georgian, Laz, Mingrelian, Svan

    More information about the Caucasian languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_the_Caucasus
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northeast_Caucasian_languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northwest_Caucasian_languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kartvelian_languages

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    Chocoan languages

    The Chocoan languages are spoken in Colombia and Panama. There are two main Choco languages: Emberá and Wounaan with about 60,000 speakers. Emberá is in fact a group of six mutually intelligible dialects that are classified as languages in some sources. This family is also known as Choco, Chocó or Chokó.

    Chocoan languages
    Chami, Northern Emberá, Eperara

    More information about Chocoan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Choco_languages
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/chocoan

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    Chonan languages

    The Chonan or Chon languages are spoken in Patagonia in southern Argentina. Two Chonan languages are currently spoken by a handful of people.

    Chonan languages
    Ona, Tehuelche

    More information about Chonan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chonan_languages
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/chon

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    Chibchan languages

    The Chibchan languages are spoken in parts of Colombia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama.

    Chibchan languages
    Bribri, Buglere, Cabécar, Guaymí, Kuna, Paya, Teribe

    More information about Chibchan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chibchan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/chibchan

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    Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages

    The Chukotko-Kamchatkan or Chukchi–Kamchatkan languages are spoken in the northeast of Siberia in Russia. There are just five languages in this family: one in the Northern or Kamchatkan branch - Itelmen - and four in the Southern or Chukotko branch.

    Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages
    Alyutor, Chukchi, Itelmen, Koryak

    More information about Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chukotko-Kamchatkan_languages
    http://languagesgulper.com/eng/Chukotko.html
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/chukotko-kamchatkan
    http://www.sorosoro.org/en/chukotko-kamchatkan-language-family/

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    Chumashan languages

    The Chumashan languages were spoken along the southern coast of California in the USA, between San Luis Obispo and Malibu, in the Transverse Ranges valleys, and on San Miguel, Santa Rosa and Santa Cruz islands. The last native speak of a Chumashan language died in 1965, however since then efforts have been made to revive the languages.

    Chumashan languages
    Barbareño

    More information about Chumashan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chumashan_languages
    http://www.native-languages.org/chumash.htm
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/chumashan

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    Dravidian languages

    The 85 Dravidian languages are spoken by around 215 million people, mainly in southern India and parts of eastern and central India, and also in northeastern Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh.

    Dravidian languages
    Badaga, Brahui, Dhundari, Gondi, Irula, Jatapu, Kannada, Kodava, Kolam, Konda, Koya, Kurukh, Malayalam, Mukha Dora, Ravula, Sankethi, Savara, Sunuwar, Suriyani Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Toda, Tulu, Yerukula

    More information about Dravidian languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dravidian_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/dravidian
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/171083/Dravidian-languages

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    Eskimo-Aleut languages

    There are eleven Eskimo-Aleut languges spoken in Greenland, northern Canada, northern Alaska, and on the Chukchi Peninsula in eastern Siberia by about 77,415 people. They are also known as Eskaleutian, Eskaleutic, or Inuit-Yupik-Unangan.

    Eskimo-Aleut languages
    Aleut, Alutiiq, Greenlandic, Inuktitut, Iñupiaq, Yup'ik (Central Alaskan), Yupik (Central Siberian)

    More information about Eskimo-Aleut languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eskimo%E2%80%93Aleut_languages
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/192563/Eskimo-Aleut-languages

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    Guaicuruan languages

    There are five Guaicuruan languages spoken by about 48,590 people in northern Argentina, western Paraguay, and in Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil. They are also known as Guaykuruan, Waikurúan, Guaycuruano, Guaikurú, Guaicurú or Guaycuruana languages.

    Guaicuruan languages
    Pilagá, Toba Qom

    More information about Guaicuruan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guaicuruan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/guaykuruan

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    Hmong-Mien languages

    The Hmong-Mien, or Miao-Yao, language family consists of 38 languages spoken by about 7-10 million people in southern China, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam and Burma.

    Hmong-Mien
    A-Hmao, Dananshan Miao, Hmong, Hmong Dau, Hmong Njau, Hmu, Iu Mien, Luobohe Miao, Mashan Miao, Qo Xiong

    More information about Hmong-Mien languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hmong%E2%80%93Mien_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/hmong-mien
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/379726/Hmong-Mien-languages
    http://www.languagesgulper.com/eng/Hmong.html

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    Indo-European languages

    The 445 or so Indo-European languages have about 3 billion native speakers and many more second and foreign language speakers. They are are spoken in most of Europe, parts of the Middle East, South and Central Asia, the Americas, Australia, New Zealand, and many parts of Africa.

    Proto-Indo-European
    Albanian languages
    Albanian, Arbëresh, Arvanitic
    Armenian languages
    Armenian
    Baltic languages
    Latgalian, Latvian, Lithuanian
    Celtic languages
    Breton, Celtiberian, Cornish, Cumbric, Gaulish, Irish, Lepontic, Lusitanian, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Tartessian, Welsh
    Germanic languages
    Afrikaans, Alsatian, Bavarian, Cimbrian, Danish, Dutch, Elfdalian, English, Faroese, Flemish, Frisian (North), Frisian (Saterland), Frisian (West), German, Gothic, Gottscheerish, Hunsrik, Icelandic, Limburgish, Low German, Luxembourgish, Mòcheno, Norn, Norwegian, Old English, Old Norse, Pennsylvania German, Ripuarian, Scots, Shetland(ic), Stellingwarfs, Swedish, Swiss German, Värmlandic, Wymysorys, Yiddish, Zeelandic
    Hellenic languages
    Greek, Griko, Pontic Greek, Tsakonian, Yevanic
    Indo-Iranian languages
    Indo-Aryan languages
    Awadhi, Assamese, Bengali, Bhojpuri, Chakma, Dhivehi, Dhundari, Domari, Fiji Hindi, Garhwali, Gujarati, Hajong, Hindi, Kashmiri, Konkani, Kotia, Kutchi, Magahi, Maithili, Marathi, Marwari, Modi, Nepali, Odia, Palula, Punjabi, Rajasthani, Rohingya, Romani, Saraiki, Sarnámi Hindustani, Sindhi, Sinhala, Shina, Sourashtra, Sugali, Sylheti, Torwali, Urdu
    Iranian languages
    Avestan, Baluchi, Bartangi, Dari, Gilaki, Hazaragi, Ishkashimi, Juhuri, Khufi, Kurdish, Luri, Mazandarani, Ossetian, Oroshor, Persian, Parthian, Pashto, Rushani, Sanglechi, Sarikoli, Shabaki, Shughni, Tajik, Talysh, Tat, Wakhi, Yaghnobi, Yazghulami, Zazaki
    Italic languages
    Faliscan, Latin, Oscan, South Picene, Umbrian
    Romance languages
    Aragonese, Aranese, Aromanian, Asturian, Catalan, Corsican, Dalmatian, Emilian-Romagnol, Extremaduran, Fala, Franco-Provençal, French, Friulian, Galician, Gallo, Gascon, Genoese, Guernésiais, Istriot, Italian, Jèrriais, Ladino, Ladin, Lombard, Lorrain, Megleno-Romanian, Mirandese, Moldovan, Monégasque, Mozarabic, Neapolitan, Occitan, Picard, Piedmontese, Portuguese, Romanian, Romansh, Sardinian, Sicilian, Spanish, Venetian, Walloon
    Slavic languages
    Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Kashubian, Knaanic, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Old Church Slavonic, Polish, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Silesian, Slovak, Slovenian, Sorbian, Ukrainian, West Polesian

    Sample video in Proto-Indo-European

    More information about Indo-European languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-European_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/indo-european
    http://www.languagesgulper.com/eng/Indoeuropean.html

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    Iroquoian languages

    There are seven Iroquoian languages in parts of the eastern and northeastern USA and southeastern Canada by about 386,000 people.

    Iroquoian languages
    Cayuga, Cherokee, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, Tuscarora, Wendat

    More information about Iroquoian languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iroquoian_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/iroquoian
    http://www.languagegeek.com/rotinonhsonni/iroquoian.html

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    Japonic / Japanese-Ryukyuan languages

    The Japonic or Japanese-Ryukyuan languages are spoken in Japan by about 122 million people. There are 12 of them, the largest of which is Japanese.

    Japonic / Japanese-Ryukyuan languages
    Japanese, Okinawan, Yonaguni

    More information about Japonic languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japonic_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/japonic

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    Jivaroan languages

    There are four Jivaroan languages spoken by about 85,630 in northern Peru and eastern Ecuador. It is also known as Hívaro, Jívaro, Jibaroana, or Jibaro.

    Jivaroan languages
    Achuar-Shiwiar, Aguaruna, Huambisa, Shuar

    More information about Jivaroan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jivaroan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/jivaroan

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    Kadu / Kadugli-Krongo languages

    The Kadu / Kadugli-Krongo languages are spoken in central Sudan by about 75,000 people. There are about 30 of them.

    Kadu languages
    Kadugli, Kanga, Katcha, Kamda, Keiga, Krongo, Kufa, Miri

    More information about Kadu languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kadu_languages

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    Khoe languages

    The Khoe languages are spoken in Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. There are just eight languages in this family.

    Khoe languages
    Khoekhoe (Nama), Naro

    More information about Khoe languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khoe_languages
    http://www.sorosoro.org/en/khoe-languages/

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    Koreanic languages

    The Koreanic language family consists of Korean, and Jeju, which is considered a separate language by some, or a dialect of Korean by others. There are other dialects of Korean in North Korea and South Korea, and in Japan, China and Central Asian countries.

    Koreanic languages
    Jeju, Korean

    More information about Koreanic languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koreanic_languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_dialects
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/koreanic

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    Kx'a languages

    The Kx'a or Ju–ǂHoan language family consist of a few languages spoken in Angola, Namibia and Botswana. Before 2010 they were classified as Khoisan languages.

    Kx'a languages
    ǂ’Amkoe (ǂHoan), Ekoka !Kung, Gǀui, Juǀʼhoan

    More information about Kx'a languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kx'a_languages
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/kx'

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    Maiduan languages

    The Maiduan languages were spoken in central California in the USA until the late 20th or early 21st century. Efforts are being made to revive one of them Northwest Maidu / Konkow.

    Maiduan languages
    Northwest Maidu / Konkow

    More information about Maiduan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maiduan_languages
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/maiduan

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    Mayan languages

    There 31 Mayan languages spoken by over 7 million people mainly in southern Mexico, Guatemala, Belize and Honduras, and also in El Salvador.

    Mayan languages
    Achi, Aguacateco, Akatek, Ch’ol, Chorti, Huasteco, Ixil, Jakaltek, Kaqchikel, Ki'che', Lacandon, Mam, Q’anjob’al, Q'eqchi', Sakapultek, Tojolabal, Tsotsil, Tzeltal, Tz'utujil, Yucatec Maya

    More information about Mayan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/mayan
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/370823/Maya-languages

    Sample video Mayan languages

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    Misumalpan languages

    The Misumalpan language family consists of three languages spoken by about 192,000 people on the east coast of Nicaragua and neighbouring areas. They are also known as Misumalpa or Misuluan languages.

    Misumalpan languages
    Miskito

    More information about Misumalpan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Misumalpan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/misumalpan

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    Mongolic languages

    The Mongolic language family has eleven members which are spoken by about 6.5 million people, mainly in Mongolia. There are also speakers of Mongolic languages in northern China, in Buryatia and Kalmykia in Russia, and in Herat in Afghanistan.

    Mongolic languages
    Buryat, Daur, Kalmyk, Mongolian, Monguor, Santa / Dongxiang

    More information about Mongolic languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolic_languages
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/mongolic

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    Muskogean languages

    There are six Muskogean languages spoken by about 17,000 people in parts of Oklahoma, Mississippi, Louisiana, Florida, Texas and Tennessee in the USA.

    Muskogean languages
    Alabama, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Koasati, Mikasuki

    More information about Muskogean languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muskogean_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/muskogean

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    Na-Dené languages

    The Na-Dené grouping of languages includes the Athabaskan languages, Eyak and Tlingit languages, and possibly the Yeniseian languages of Siberia. These languages are spoken by about 180,000 people in Alaska, northwestern Canada, southwestern parts of the USA, and in central Siberia. This grouping is somewhat controversial, and is also known as Nadene, Na-Dené, Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit or Tlina-Den.

    Athabaskan-Eyak languages
    Ahtna, Apache (Western), Babine-Witsuwit'en, Chilcotin, Chipewyan, Deg Xinag, Dena’ina, Dane-zaa (Beaver), Eyak, Gwich'in, Hän, Hupa, Jicarilla, Kaska, Koyukon, Lipan Apache, Lower Tanana, Mescalero-Chiricahua, Navajo, North Slavey, Sekani, South Slavey, Tahltan, Tanacross, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib), Tolowa, Tsuut'ina (Sarcee), Tutchone, Upper Kuskokwim, Upper Tanana
    Tlingit languages
    Tlingit

    More information about Na-Dené languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Na-Dené_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/eyak-athabaskan
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/yeniseian

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    Niger-Congo languages

    With some 1,400 members, the Niger-Congo language family is the largest in the world. They are spoken in most of sub-Saharan Africa by around 600 million people.

    Atlantic-Congo languages
    Bandial, Bariba, Efik, Ibibio, Kambari, Kissi, Kom, Laalaa, Limba, Mbum, Mundang, Noon, Safen, Supyire, Temne, Ubang, Yemba
    Bak languages
    Jola-Fonyi, Mankanya
    Bantu languages
    Bemba, Bulu, Chichewa, Chokwe, Comorian, Digo, Duala, Ewondo, Fang, Ganda/Luganda, Gwere, Herero, Ikizu, Jita, Kikuyu, Kimbundu, Kinyarwanda, Kirundi, Kisi, Kongo, Konjo, Lingala, Loma, Lozi, Makonde, Mandekan, Maore, Mende, Mushungulu, Mwani, Nkore, Northern Ndebele (South Africa), Northern Ndebele (Zimbabwe), Northern Sotho, Nyole, OshiWambo, Ronga, Sena, Shona, Soga, Southern Ndebele, Southern Sotho, Swahili, Swati, Tofa, Tshiluba, Tsonga, Tswana, Tumbuka, Umbundu, Venda, Xhosa, Yao, Zigula, Zinza, Zulu
    Bantoid languages
    Awing, Bamum, Pinyin
    Gur languages
    Dagaare, Dagbani, Kabiye, Kasem, Mossi, Tammari
    Kainji languages
    Cipu, Vadi
    Kru languages
    Bassa, Guere, Jabo
    Kwa languages
    Akan, Baoulé, Fante, Ga, Gonja, Nzema, Twi
    Mande languages
    Bambara, Busa, Kpelle, Loma, Mandinka, Maninka, Mano, Mende, Soninke, Susu, Vai
    Senegambian languages
    Adamaua Fulfulde, Fula(ni), Serer, Wolof
    Talodi languages
    Acheron, Dengebu, Lumun, Tocho
    Volta-Niger languages
    Aja, Edo, Ewe, Fon, Gen, Igbo, Nupe, Yorùbá

    More information about Niger-Congo languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niger%E2%80%93Congo_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/niger-congo
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/414793/Niger-Congo-

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    Nilo-Saharan languages

    The Nilo-Saharan language family consists of around 200 languages which are spoken in central and east Africa by about 50 million people, particularly along the River Nile and in central parts of the Sahara.

    Nilo-Saharan languages
    Acholi, Alur, Aringa, Avokaya, Baka, Bari, Beli, Bongo, Daza, Dholuo, Dinka, Dongotono, Fur, Jur Modo, Kanuri, Karamojong, Keliko, Komo, Lotuko, Lokoya, Lopit, Lugbara, Maasai, Ma'di, Morokodo, Moru, Narim, Nuer, Nobiin, Old Nubian, Olu'bo, Shilluk, Toposa, Uduk, Wa'di, Zaghawa, Zarma

    More information about Nilo-Saharan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nilo-Saharan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/nilo-saharan
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/415424/Nilo-Saharan

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    Ongan languages

    The Ongan languages are spoken in the southern Andaman Islands, a part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a Union territory of India. There are currently two known Ongan languages with about 300 speakers between them. The language spoken on North Sentinel Island, Sentinelese, is possibly related, however as no outsiders can visit the island, it is not certain. Another possible Ongan language, Jangil, was spoken on Rutland Island in the southern Andaman Islands until the late 19th or early 20th century.

    Ongan languages
    Jarawa, Onge

    More information about Ongan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ongan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/otomanguean

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    Oto-Manguean languages

    The Oto-Manguean languages are spoken by about 2 million people in central Mexico in the states of Oaxaca, Mexico, Hidalgo, Querétaro. They were formerly spoken in Nicaragua, El Salvador and Costa Rica.

    Oto-Manguean languages
    Chinanteco, Chatino, Chicahuaxtla Triqui, Chiquihuitlán Mazatec, Coatzospan Mixtec, Copala Triqui, Jalapa Mazatec, Mazahua, Mazatec, Mixtec, Otomi, San Martín Itunyoso Triqui, Santo Domingo del Estero Triqui, Tlapanec, Zapotec

    More information about Oto-Manguean languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oto-Manguean_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/otomanguean

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    Panoan languages

    There are about 20 Panoan languages spoken by about 40,000 people in parts of Peru, western Brazil and Bolivia.

    Panoan languages
    Amahuaca, Kashibo, Kashinawa, Shipibo, Yaminawa

    More information about Panoan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oto-Manguean_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/otomanguean

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    Papuan languages

    There are just four Papuan languages, which are also known as Central Solomon languages, and they are spoken in the Solomon Islands on Vella Lavella, Ghizo, Rendova, Russell and Savo islands.

    Papuan languages
    Savosavo

    More information about Papuan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papuan_languages
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/Papuan-languages
    https://languagesgulper.com/eng/Papuan.html

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    Plateau Penutian languages

    The Plateau Penutian languages are Native American languages spoken in northern California, central Oregon, northern Washington and central Idaho. There are four languages in this family, although one of them, Molala, has not been spoken since the 1950s.

    Plateau Penutian languages
    Klamath, Nez Perce, Sahaptin

    More information about Plateau Penutian languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plateau_Penutian_languages
    http://www.native-languages.org/fampen.htm

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    Pomoan languages

    The seven Pomoan or Pomo languages are spoken in northern Californian in the USA by about 50 or 60 people.

    Pomoan languages
    Central Pomo, Eastern Pomo, Kashaya, Northern Pomo, Southern Pomo

    More information about Pomoan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pomoan_languages
    http://www.native-languages.org/pomo.htm

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    Peba-Yagua languages

    The Peba-Yaguan languages were spoken in northwestern parts of the Amazon. The only surviving member of this language family is Yagua, which is spoken in northeastern Peru. The other members, Peba and Yameo, are extinct.

    Peba-Yagua languages
    Yagua

    More information about Panoan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peba%E2%80%93Yaguan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/yaguan

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    Quechuan languages

    The Quechuan language family consists of 46 languages spoken by about 8-10 million people mainly in Peru, Ecuador and Boliva, and also in Argentina and Colombia. The Quechuan languages are the most widely-spoken indigenous languages in South America.

    Quechuan languages
    Ayacucho Quechua, Cusco Quechua, Kichwa, South Bolivian Quechua

    More information about Quechuan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quechuan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/quechuan

    An example of spoken Quechua

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    Salishan languages

    The Salishan languages are spoken in the Canadian province of British Columbia, and in the US states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana. There are 23 Salishan languages, and many dialects and sub-dialects, and all are endangered. Few are spoken by more than a thousand people, and most have only a small number of elderly speakers.

    Salishan languages
    Coeur d'Alene, Comox, Halkomelem, Klallam, Lushootseed, Lillooet, Nuxalk, Okanagan, Saanich, Salish, Shuswap, Squamish, Thompson / Nlaka'pamux

    More information about the Salishan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salishan_languages

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    Sino-Tibetan languages

    There are over 400 Sino-Tibetan languages spoken by over a billion people in East Asia, Southeast Asia and parts of South Asia.

    Angami-Pochuri languages
    Pochuri
    Ao languages
    Yimchungrü
    Brahmaputran / Sal languages
    Atong, Chang
    Digaro languages
    Digaro Mishmi, Idu Mishmi
    Kukish languages
    Biete, Karbi, Kom, Mizo, Paite, Tedim, Zou
    Sinitic (Chinese) languages
    Dungan, Cantonese, Fuzhounese, Gan, Hakka, Mandarin, Puxian, Shanghainese, Taiwanese, Teochew, Wenzhounese, Xiang
    Tani languages
    Bokar
    Tibeto-Burman languages
    Achang, Arakanese, Balti, Bantawa, Bisu, Drung, Dzongkha, Garo, Hajong, Hani, Hmar, Jingpho, Karen, Kayah Li, Ladakhi, Lahu, Lepcha, Limbu, Lipo, Lisu, Manipuri, Marma, Mro, Naxi, Newar, Sikkimese, Sunuwar, Tangkhul Naga, Tibetan, Tshangla, Tujia, Yi

    More information about Sino-Tibetan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-Tibetan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/sino-tibetan

    Examples of Sinitic languages

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    Siouan languages

    There are 14 Siouan languages spoken mainly in central parts of the USA and Canada by about 20,000 people. This language family is also known as Siouan-Catawban.

    Siouan languages
    Assiniboine, Biloxi, Chiwere, Crow, Dakota, Hidatsa, Lakota, Mandan, Omaha, Osage, Quapaw, Stoney, Tutelo, Winnebago / Ho-Chunk

    More information about the Siouan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siouan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/siouan-catawban
    http://www.languagegeek.com/siouan/siouan.html

    Sample of spoken Lakota Sioux

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    Tai-Kaidai languages

    The Tai-Kaidai languages includes 95 languages spoken in southern China and Southeast Asia by about 85 million people. This language family is also known as Daic, Kadai, Kradai or Kra-Dai.

    Tai-Kaidai languages
    Ahom, Bouyei, Dehong Dai, Kam, (Tai) Khün, Lanna, Lao, Lue, Shan, Sui, Tai Dam, Tai Ya, Thai, Yang Zhuang, Zhuang

    More information about the Tai-Kaidai languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tai-Kadai_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/tai-kadai
    http://aboutworldlanguages.com/tai-kadai-language-family

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    Tanoan languages

    The Tanoan language family consists of just six languages that are spoken mainly in the pueblos of New Mexico, and also in Arizona. The family is also known as Kiowa-Tanoan or Tanoan-Kiowa, and has about 7,250 speakers all together.

    Tanoan languages
    Southern Tiwa, Taos

    More information about the Tanoan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanoan_languages
    http://www.sorosoro.org/en/kiowa-tanoan-languages/

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    Timor-Alor-Pantar languages

    Timor-Alor-Pantar languages are spoken in southern Indonesia in Timor, Kisar and the Alor archipelago. There are about 20 languages in this family.

    Timor-Alor-Pantar languages
    Abui

    More information about the Timor-Alor-Pantar languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timor-Alor-Pantar_languages

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    Totonacan languages

    Totonacan languages are spoken in the states of Veracruz, Puebla and Hidalgo in central Mexico. There are 12 Totonac languages which are spoken by about 290,000 people.

    Totonacan languages
    Papantla Totonac

    More information about the Tucanoan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Totonacan_languages
    https://www.britannica.com/topic/Totonacan-languages
    https://elalliance.org/languages/meso-america/totonac/
    http://www.artsrn.ualberta.ca/totonaco2/?page_id=123
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/totonacan

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    Tsimshianic languages

    The four Tsimshianic languages are spoken in northwestern British Columbia in Canada and in Southeast Alaska on Annette Island and Ketchikan in the USA. About 2,170 people speak these languages.

    Tsimshianic languages
    Gitxsan, Nisga’a, Tsimshian

    More information about Tsimshianic languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsimshianic_languages

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    Trans-New Guinean languages

    The Trans-New Guinean languages are an extensive family spoken in New Guinea and neighboring islands. The core of the family is considered to be established, but its boundaries and overall membership are uncertain.

    Trans-New Guinean languages
    Amele, Awara, Blagar Dadibi, Daga, Kanasi, Meriam Mir, Tairoa, Teiwa, Wantoat

    More information about the Trans-New Guinean languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-New_Guinea_languages

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    Tucanoan languages

    Tucanoan languages are spoken by about 30,000 people in parts of southern and central Colombia, northwestern Brazil, northeastern Ecuador and northeastern Peru.

    Tucanoan languages
    Cubeo, Guanano, Secoya

    More information about the Tucanoan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tucanoan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/tucanoan
    http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Tucanoan+Languages

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    Tungusic languages

    The Tungusic or Manchu-Tungus language family includes 11 languages spoken by about 75,000 people in Eastern Siberia and northeast China.

    Northern Tungusic languages
    Even, Evenki, Negidal, Oroch, Oroqen, Udege
    Southern Tungusic languages
    Jurchen, Manchu, Nanai, Orok / Uilta, Ulch, Xibe

    More information about Tungusic languages
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/turkic
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/tungusic

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    Tupi-Guarani languages

    The Tupi-Guarani language family consists of 50 or so languages spoken by about 10 million people in parts of Brazil, Bolivia, French Guiana, Paraguay and Peru. It is a branch of the larger Tupian language family, which includes another 20 languages.

    Tupi-Guarani languages
    Guarani, Kaiwá, Nheengatu

    More information about the Tupi-Guarani languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupi-Guarani_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/tupí-guaraní

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    Turkic languages

    The Turkic language family consists of 41 languages spoken by about 170 million people in parts of eastern Europe, and in West, Central, North and East Asia.

    Turkic languages

    Altay, Äynu, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chagatai, Chelkan, Chuvash, Crimean Tatar, Dolgan, Fuyu Kyrgyz, Gagauz, Karachay-Balkar, Karaim, Karakalpak, Kazakh, Khakas, Khorasani Turkic, Krymchak, Kumyk, Kyrgyz, Nogai, Old Turkic, Qashqai, Salar, Shor, Soyot, Tatar, Teleut, Tofa, Turkish, Turkmen, Tuvan, Urum, Uyghur, Uzbek, Yakut

    More information about Turkic languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkic_languages
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/turkic

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    Tuu languages

    The Tuu languages are spoken in South Africa and Botswana. Four of these languages are currently spoken by about 2,500 people.

    Tuu languages
    Nǁng (Nǁŋǃke), Taa

    More information about Tuu languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuu_languages

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    Uralic languages

    There are 38 Uralic languages spoken in Finland, Estonian, Hungary, Russia, Norway and Sweden by about 25 million people. This family is named after the Ural mountains, which is thought to be where they originated. This language family is also known as Finno-Ugric, which generally excludes the Samoyedic languages.

    Finnic languages
    Estonian, Finnish, Karelian, Kven, Livonian, Ludic, Seto, Veps, Võro, Votic
    Mari languages
    Hill Mari, Meadow Mari, Northwestern Mari
    Mordvinic languages
    Erzya, Moksha
    Permic languages
    Komi, Udmurt
    Sámi languages
    Inari Saami, Kildin Sámi, Lule Sámi, Northern Sámi, Pite Sámi, Skolt Sámi, Southern Sámi, Ter Sámi, Ume Sámi
    Samoyedic languages
    Enets, Nenets, Nganasan
    Ugric languages
    Hungarian, Khanty, Mansi

    More information about the Uralic languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uralic_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/uralic

    Hear spoken examples of the Uralic languages

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    Uto-Aztecan languages

    The Uto-Aztecan languages are spoken mainly in western parts of the USA and in Mexico, and also in El Salvador. There are 61 members of this language family spoken by about 1.9 million people.

    Uto-Aztecan languages
    Comanche, Cora, Hopi, Huarijio, Huichol, Ivilyuat / Cahuilla, Kawaiisu, Luiseño, Mayo, Mono, O'odham, Nahuatl, Northern Paiute, Pipil, Serrano, Shoshone, Tarahumara, Tepehuán, Timbisha, Tongva, Yaqui

    More information about the Uto-Aztecan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uto-Aztecan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/uto-aztecan

    Hear spoken and sung samples of Uto-Aztecan languages

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    Wakashan languages

    The Wakashan languages are spoken in British Columbia and on Vancouver Island in Canada, and on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state in the USA. There are eight languages in this family with about 1,000 speakers.

    Wakashan languages
    Ditidaht, Haisla, Heiltsuk, Kwak̓wala, Liq’wala, Makah, Nuu-Chah-Nulth, Oowekyala

    More information about the Wakashan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wakashan_languages
    http://depts.washington.edu/wll2/languages.html

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    Wintuan languages

    The Wintuan languages is a small family of four languages that were spoken in the Sacramento Valley in northern California in the USA. There are no native speakers of these languages, except perhaps Patwin, however efforts are being made to revitalize them.

    Wintuan languages
    Patwin, Wintu

    More information about the Wintuan languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wintuan_languages

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    Yeniseian languages

    There is just one Yenisei language spoken by just about 200 people along the Yenisei river in central Siberia in the Russian Federation. The only other Yeniseian language to survive into the 20th century was Yug(h), which became extinct in 1990.

    Yeniseian languages
    Ket

    More information about the Yenisei languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yeniseian_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/yeniseian

    Sample of spoken Ket

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    Yuman–Cochimí languages

    The Yuman-Cochimí languages are spoken in Baja California and northern Sonora in Mexico, and in southern California and western Arizonia in the USA. There are 12 Yuman-Cochimí languages currently spoken. All are endangered.

    Yuman-Cochimí languages
    Cocopah, Ipai, Kiliwa, Kumeyaay, Maricopa, Mojave, Paipai, Quechan, Tiipai

    More information about the Yuman-Cochimí languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuman-Cochimí_languages
    https://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/cochimí-yuman-1
    http://www.sorosoro.org/en/yuman-cochimi-languages/

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    Yok-Utian languages

    Yok-Utian, or Hotian, is a proposed language family consisting of the Yokutsan and Utian languages, which are spoken in parts of California. There are only a small number of languages in this family, and all are endangered.

    Yok-Utian languages
    Chukchansi, Mutsun, Wukchumni

    More information about the Yok-Utian languages
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yok-Utian_languages

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    Zaparoan languages

    The five Zaparoan languages have fewer than 100 speakers and are spoken in parts of Peru and Ecuador.

    Zaparoan languages
    Andoa, Arabela, Záparo

    More information about the Zaparoan languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaparoan_languages
    http://www.ethnologue.com/subgroups/zaparoan

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    Language isolates

    Languages isolates are languages with no known connection to any other languages. Some languages are isolates because all their relatives are extinct, others, such as Basque, have been isolates for all their documented existence.

    Language isolates
    Adaizan, Ainu, Basque, Burushaski, Candoshi-Shapra, Chitimacha, Eskayan, Haida, Karuk, Keres, Kuot, Kutenai, Natchez, Nihali, Nivkh, Páez, Purepecha, Seri, Sumerian, Ticuna, Tiwi, Tunica, Urarina, Wardaman, Washo, Yuchi/Euchee, Zuni

    More information about the language isolates
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language_isolate

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    Creole languages

    Creole languages develop from contact languages or pidgins when they are learned by children as native languages. Pidgins emerge in situations where people who do not share a common language need to communicate.

    Creole languages
    Betawi, Bislama, Cape Verdean Creole, Chavacano, Chinook Jargon, Fanagalo, French Guianese Creole, Guadeloupean Creole, Guinea-Bissau Creole, Haitian Creole, Jamaican, Kituba, Manado Malay, Mauritian Creole, Nagamese, Ndyuka, Norfuk, Palenquero, Papiamento, Pijin, Réunion Creole, Sango, Saramaccan, Seychelles Creole, Sierra Leonean Creole, Sranan, Saint Lucian Creole, Tok Pisin, Torres-Strait Creole

    More information about the Creole languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creole_language

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    International Auxiliary Languages (IALs)

    International Auxiliary Languages are used as second languages for communication between people from different countries without a common languages. They are also known as IALs, auxlangs or interlanguages, and this name often refers to planned or constructed languages.

    International Auxiliary Languages
    Blissymbolics, Esperanto, Folkspraak, Ido, Interglossa, Interlingua, Interlingue/Occidental, Interslavic, Lingua Franca Nova, Lojban, Novial, Romániço, Slovio, Solresol, Volapük

    More information about the international auxiliary languages
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_auxiliary_language

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    More information about language families
    http://aboutworldlanguages.com/families
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Language_family
    https://www.ethnologue.com/statistics/family


    Writing systems

    Abjads | Alphabets | Syllabic Alphabets | Syllabaries | Semanto-phonetic scripts | Undeciphered scripts | Alternative scripts | Constructed scripts | Fictional scripts | Magical scripts | Writing systems (A-Z) | Writing systems (by direction) | Writing systems (by language) | What is writing? | Types of writing system | Differences between writing and speech | Language and Writing Statistics | Languages (A-Z) | Languages (by family)


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